Pascendi Dominici Gregis (on the Doctrine of the Modernists) – Pope St. Pius X, 1907

On September 8, 1907, Pope St. Pius X promulgated the encyclical Pascendi Dominici Gregis, against the devastating errors of modernist doctrines. By definition, modernism is an ideology by which religious truths, and especially Catholic teachings, are derived and interpreted in accordance with personal religious experience, under the influence of the spirit of the current age….

Ad Caeli Reginam (Proclaiming the Queenship of Mary ) – Pius XII, 1954

On October 11, 1954, Pope Pius XII established the feast of “Queenship of Mary (celebrated on August 22 on the liturgical calender). Mary’s queenship does have roots in Scripture. At the Annunciation, Gabriel announced that Mary’s Son would receive the throne of David and rule forever (Luke 1:26-38). At the Visitation, Elizabeth calls Mary “mother…